Английски език

Граматика & Уроци

 

Реклама

 

FUTURE ACTIONS

Бъдещи действия

AT THE HOTEL
Receptionist: Good evening. How may I help you?
Guest: Have you got any rooms?
Receptionist: Yes. Single, double or twin?
Guest: Single, please.
Receptionist: Would you like a room with a shower or a bath?
Guest: Just a shower will do.
Receptionist: Room 319. Thatll be 12.50 pounds a night, including breakfast. How long will you stay, Sir?
Guest: I will stay for 4 nights. What time is breakfast?
Receptionist: Breakfast is from 7 to 9.
Guest: And what time is dinner?
Receptionist: Dinners from 6:30 to 8:30. Youd better hurry, the restaurant closes in 15 minutes
Guest: Thank you!

Нови думи:
single room - единична стая
double room - двойна стая
twin – близнак
shower – душ
to have a shower - взимам душ
a shower will do - достатъчно е стаята да има душ
to include – включвам
including – включително
better - по-добре
you\d better - ви най-добре да...
to hurry - бързам

Единият от начините за изразяване на бъдещи действия в английския език е употребата на Бъдеще просто време. То се образува чрез спомагателния глагол will и инфинитива на глагола за всички лица и числа:
I will work (I work)
You will work (you work)
He will work (he work)
She will work (she work)
It will work (it work)
We will work (we work)
You will work (you work)
They will work (they work)

Отрицателната форма се образува по следния начин:
will + not = wont 

Ето как се образуват въпросителните и отрицателните изречения:
We will go to the seaside next year.
We will go to the seaside next year.
Will you go to the seaside next year? - Yes, we will. No, we wont.
We won't go to the seaside next year.
Who will go to the seaside next year?
Where will you go next year?
When will you go to the seaside?
What will you do next year?

С бъдеще просто време често се употребяват следните наречия:
tomorrow – утре
next week - следващата седмица
next month - следващия месец
next year - следващата година
next summer - следващото лято
next Monday - следващия понеделник

 

УПРАЖНЕНИЯ:

I.Задайте въпроси към следните изречения: 
1. He will buy a new car next Sunday. What......
2. They will get married in a church. Where......
3. She will stay at a hotel when she goes to London next month. When... 
4. We will go to the center by car. How.......
5. His father will take us to the airport. Whose......
6. I will help you cook the dinner. What......

II. Използвайте думите, дадени в скобите, за да преобразувате изреченията както е показано в примера:
ПРИМЕР: I usually go to work by car.(bus/tomorrow) - I will go to work by bus tomorrow. 
1. He often goes to the movies. (to a rock concert/next weekend)
2. They always send me a birthday card. (Christmas card/next year)
3. She visits her grandparents in the summer. (in the winter/next year)
4. He reads the newspaper in the morning. (his book/tomorrow morning)
5. She takes the kids to school by car. (her husband/next week)

OFFERS AND REQUESTS
Предложения и молби

AT THE AIRPORT

Clerk: Id like to book a flight to Tokyo please.
Client: Which airline would you like to use?
Clerk: What are the prices?
Client: When do you want to travel?
Clerk: Next week, the 15th.
Client: Would you like a return ticket?
Clerk: Yes, Ill come back on the 30th.
Client: Let me see....... PanAm costs $299.00, but you have to transfer at Hong Kong. United is the cheapest direct flight at $349.00.
Clerk: How long does the PanAm flight take?
Client: Total time is 15 hours, United takes 11 hours.
Clerk: I would like to go with United then.
Client: How many seats would you like?
Clerk: Just one, and I would like vegetarian meals,please.
Client: Certainly, theres no extra charge.

Нови думи:
flight - полет
to book – резервирам
airline - самолетна компания
to use – използвам
to return - връщам се
return ticket - билет за връщане
to transfer - прехвърлям се
the cheapest - най-евтин
total - общ, общо
seat - седалка, място
meal – ястие
certainly - разбира се
extra charge - допълнителна такса

Единият от най-разпространенине начините за изразяване на молба и предпочитание, както и за отправяне на учтива покана в английския език е чрез конструкцията would like- бих искал.
I would like (Id like)
You would like (youd like)
He would like (hed like)
She would like (shed like)
It would like (itd like)
We would like (wed like)
You would like (you like)
They would like (theyd like)

Отрицателната форма се образува по следния начин:
would + not like= wouldnt like 
I would like a piece of cake, please. - Бих искал/а парче торта, моля.
He would like to ask him to my party. - Той би искал да го покани на партито си.
They would like to sell their house. - Те биха искали да продадат къщата си.

Ето как се образуват въпросителните и отрицателните изречения:
We would like to buy that present.
Would you like to buy that present? - Yes, we would. No, we wouldnt.
We wouldnt like to buy that present.
Who would like to buy that present?
What would you like to buy?
What would you like to do?

 

УПРАЖНЕНИЯ:

I.Попълнете липсващите фрази в диалога като използвате would like:
At the restaurant
Waiter:Good evening.
Customer: I ......... a table for two please.
Waiter: Certainly. Just here, sir. .......... you ....... to sit by the window?
Customer: Yes, the table is just fine.
Waiter: ......... you ....... like to order, sir?
Customer:Yes. I ......... a tomato soup and my wife .......... a green salad.
Waiter: One tomato soup and one green salad. What ..... you ...... for main course?
Customer: I .......... a pizza and my wife ........some spaghetti.
Waiter: ...... you ..... anything to drink?
Customer:Yes, we ......... a bottle of red wine, please.

<<< ПРЕДИШЕН УРОК ====== СЛЕДВАЩ УРОК >>>

 

 

 

 

 

Реклама

Последно от форума

  • ??ма мнени?

Join our Newsletter

Sign up for our newsletter for all the
latest news and information

Newsletter brought to you by MailChimp.